• 创建帐户
  • 登录
  • USD

    选择货币:


    USD 美元‏
    CAD 加元‏
    EUR 欧元
    GBP 英镑‏
    KRW 韩元‏
    JPY 日元‏
    CNY 人民币‏
    AUD 澳大利亚元‏
    IDR 印尼盾
    NZD 新西兰元‏
    PHP 菲律宾比索‏
    SGD 新加坡元‏
    TWD 新台币‏
    HKD 港元‏
    RUB 俄罗斯卢布
    INR 印度卢比‏
    THB 泰国泰铢‏
    MYR 马来西亚令吉‏
    ZAR 南非兰特
    VND 越南盾‏
    BRL 巴西雷亚尔‏
    CLP 智利比索‏
    CHF 瑞士法郎‏
    EGP 埃及镑‏
    COP 哥伦比亚比索
    ARS 阿根廷比索‏
    PLN 波兰兹罗提‏
  • language Chinese

    选择语言 :


    GB English
    KR 한국어
    ES Español
    JP 日本語
    NO Norge
    FR Français

nz 新西兰

新西兰,是位于太平洋西南部的一个岛屿国家,首都为惠灵顿,但最大的城市为奥克兰都会区。新西兰主要由兩大島嶼组成,即北岛(Te Ika-a-Māui)和南岛(Te Waipounamu),两岛以庫克海峽分隔,首都惠灵顿即位于北岛末端处,除此之外还包含了一些其他小的岛屿。新西兰与澳大利亚隔塔斯曼海相望,距離澳大利亚東海岸約1500公里,与南太平洋群岛的新喀里多尼亚、汤加和斐济相隔大约1000公里,所以特殊的地理位置使得新西兰成为最后几个被人类聚居的地区之一。

由於長時間的與世隔離,新西兰发展出了与众不同且具有多样性的生態環境。由於陆地构造隆升(Tectonic uplift)及火山噴發,新西兰地形多變,南阿尔卑斯山縱貫南島中西部。新西兰風景優美,氣候宜人,旅遊勝地遍佈。在2014年聯合國開發計劃署公佈的人類發展指數報告中,新西兰排名全球第7位。

紐西蘭气候宜人、环境清新、风景优美、旅游胜地遍布、地表景观富变化。旅游业占國内生产总值约10%,是仅次于乳制品业的第二大创汇产业。北島多火山和温泉,南岛多冰河和湖泊。尤其北岛的鲁阿佩胡火山地區,四周14座火山、1,000多個高温地热喷泉、各種沸泉、喷气孔、沸泥塘和间歇泉等千姿百态的奇景,形成世界罕有且独特的火山地热异常带。

教育

education

紐西蘭教育基本上從小學到中學都是名義上免費的。不過,有些學校可能會要求學生家長向學校捐款,而這些捐款都被稱為“家長捐獻”。這種捐獻雖然可視作學費的一部份,但由於並非正式的收入,因此只可以算是學校的營運基金,而不是學校向學生收取的費用。在海外學生比較多的社區,由於家長普遍比較富有,他們也能夠對學校作出更多的捐獻,所以他們的營運基金也較雄厚,從而可以作出更多的翻新及改善。相反的,本地學生比較多的學校,相對可用的捐獻較少,所以也顯得比較殘舊。這可以算是紐西蘭學校的一種奇怪的特色。

拥有纽西兰永久居留权的居民可以使用政府所提供的学生贷款,这些贷款一般将会包括所有的学习费用,另外也可以就学习期间的生活费用进行贷款。若是拥有纽西兰永久居留权的全职学生,政府还提供学生津贴。在学生完成学业并且找到工作之后,政府将在其每月的工资中按比例扣除贷款并记取年利息直至还清为止。不少人认为这种制度导致了大量毕业学生流向海外以逃避偿还贷款。在新西兰工党历史性的取得三次连任之后,总理海伦·克拉克宣布将于2006年取消所有学生贷款的利息,条件是学生毕业之后必须留在纽西兰。

学生津贴是不需要偿还的政府补助。每位学生所获得的津贴是根据他们不同家庭情况,例如年龄,地区,子女,伴侣等等因素来计算的。

食品

food

New Zealand cuisine is largely driven by local ingredients and seasonal variations. An island nation with a primarily agricultural economy, New Zealand yields produce from land and sea. Similar to the cuisine of Australia, the cuisine of New Zealand is a diverse British-based cuisine, with Mediterranean and Pacific Rim influences as the country becomes more cosmopolitan.

Historical influences came from Māori culture. New American cuisine, Southeast Asian, East Asian, and South Asian culinary traditions have become popular since the 1970s.

In New Zealand households, dinner (also known as "tea") is the main meal of the day, when families gather and share their evening together. Restaurants and takeaways provide an increasing proportion of the diet.

语言

language

There are several languages of New Zealand. English (New Zealand English) is the dominant language spoken by most New Zealanders and is one of three official languages of New Zealand. The country's de jure official languages are Māori and New Zealand Sign Language (NZSL). Other languages are also used by ethnic communities.

English is the predominant language in New Zealand, spoken by 98 percent of the population. New Zealand English is similar to Australian English and many speakers from the Northern Hemisphere are unable to tell the accents apart. The most prominent differences between the New Zealand English dialect and other English dialects are the shifts in the short front vowels: the short-"i" sound (as in "kit") has centralised towards the schwa sound (the "a" in "comma" and "about"); the short-"e" sound (as in "dress") has moved towards the short-"i" sound; and the short-"a" sound (as in "trap") has moved to the short-"e" sound. Hence, the New Zealand pronunciation of words such as "bad", "dead", "fish" and "chips" sound like "bed", "did", "fush" and "chups" to non-New Zealanders.

After the Second World War, Māori were discouraged from speaking their own language (te reo Māori) in schools and workplaces and it existed as a community language only in a few remote areas. It has recently undergone a process of revitalisation, being declared one of New Zealand's official languages in 1987, and is spoken by 4.1 percent of the population. There are now Māori language immersion schools and two Māori Television channels, the only nationwide television channels to have the majority of their prime-time content delivered in Māori. Many places have both their Māori and English names officially recognised. Samoan is one of the most widely spoken languages in New Zealand (2.3 percent), followed by French, Hindi, Yue (Cantonese, Spoken in Hong Kong) and Northern Chinese. New Zealand Sign Language is used by about 28,000 people. It was declared one of New Zealand's official languages in 2006.